We consider a quantum particle interacting with $N$ obstacles, whose positions are independently chosen according to a given probability density, through a two-body potential of the form $N^2 V(Nx)$ (Gross-Pitaevskii potential). We show convergence of the $N$ dependent one-particle Hamiltonian to a limiting Hamiltonian where the quantum particle experiences an effective potential depending only on the scattering length of the unscaled potential and the density of the obstacles. In this sense our Lorentz gas model exhibits a universal behavior for $N$ large. Moreover we explicitly characterize the fluctuations around the limit operator. Our model can be considered as a simplified model for scattering of slow neutrons from condensed matter.

Universal low-energy behavior in a quantum Lorentz gas with Gross-Pitaevskii potentials

Basti G
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Cenatiempo S
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2018

Abstract

We consider a quantum particle interacting with $N$ obstacles, whose positions are independently chosen according to a given probability density, through a two-body potential of the form $N^2 V(Nx)$ (Gross-Pitaevskii potential). We show convergence of the $N$ dependent one-particle Hamiltonian to a limiting Hamiltonian where the quantum particle experiences an effective potential depending only on the scattering length of the unscaled potential and the density of the obstacles. In this sense our Lorentz gas model exhibits a universal behavior for $N$ large. Moreover we explicitly characterize the fluctuations around the limit operator. Our model can be considered as a simplified model for scattering of slow neutrons from condensed matter.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/7080
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