ARGO-YBJ is an air shower detector array with a fully covered layer of Resistive Plate Chambers. It is operated with a high duty cycle and a large field of view. It monitors continuously the northern sky at energies above 0.3 TeV. In this paper, we report a long-term monitoring of Mrk 421 over the period from November 2007 to February 2010. Meanwhile, this source was observed by the satellite-borne experiments RXTE and Swift in the X-ray band. Mrk 421 was very active especially in the first half of 2008. Many flares are observed in both X-ray and gamma-ray bands simultaneously. The gamma-ray flux observed by ARGO-YBJ has a clear correlation with the X-ray flux. No lag longer than 1 day between the X-ray and gamma-ray photons is found. The evolution of the spectral energy distribution is investigated by measuring indices at four different flux levels. Hardening of the spectra is observed in both X-ray and gamma-ray bands. The gamma-ray flux increases quadratically with the simultaneously measured X-ray flux. All these observational results strongly favor the synchrotron self-Compton process as the underlying radiative mechanism.

Long-term monitor of Mrk 421 TeV emission using ARGO-YBJ experiment

I. De Mitri;
2011

Abstract

ARGO-YBJ is an air shower detector array with a fully covered layer of Resistive Plate Chambers. It is operated with a high duty cycle and a large field of view. It monitors continuously the northern sky at energies above 0.3 TeV. In this paper, we report a long-term monitoring of Mrk 421 over the period from November 2007 to February 2010. Meanwhile, this source was observed by the satellite-borne experiments RXTE and Swift in the X-ray band. Mrk 421 was very active especially in the first half of 2008. Many flares are observed in both X-ray and gamma-ray bands simultaneously. The gamma-ray flux observed by ARGO-YBJ has a clear correlation with the X-ray flux. No lag longer than 1 day between the X-ray and gamma-ray photons is found. The evolution of the spectral energy distribution is investigated by measuring indices at four different flux levels. Hardening of the spectra is observed in both X-ray and gamma-ray bands. The gamma-ray flux increases quadratically with the simultaneously measured X-ray flux. All these observational results strongly favor the synchrotron self-Compton process as the underlying radiative mechanism.
BL Lacertae object; Markarian 421; gamma ray observations
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/887
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