The GERmanium Detector Array (GERDA) is a low background experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) of INFN designed to search for the rare neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) of 76 Ge. In the first phase (Phase I) of the experiment, high purity germanium diodes were operated in a "bare" mode and immersed in liquid argon. The overall background level of 10 -2 cts/(keV · kg · yr) was a factor of ten better than those of its predecessors. No signal was found and a lower limit was set on the half-life for the 0νββ decay of 76 Ge T 1/20ν > 2.1 × 10 25 yr (90% CL), while the corresponding median sensitivity was 2.4 × 10 25 yr (90% CL). A second phase (Phase II) started at the end of 2015 after a major upgrade. Thanks to the increased detector mass and performance of the enriched germanium diodes and due to the introduction of liquid argon instrumentation techniques, it was possible to reduce the background down to 10 -3 cts/(keV ·kg · yr). After analyzing 23.2 kg·yr of these new data no signal was seen. Combining these with the data from Phase I a stronger half-life limit of the 76 Ge 0νββ decay was obtained: T 1/20ν > 8.0 × 10 25 yr (90% CL), reaching a sensitivity of 5.8 × 10 25 yr (90% CL). Phase II will continue for the collection of an exposure of 100 kg ·yr. If no signal is found by then the GERDA sensitivity will have reached 1.4 × 10 26 yr for setting a 90% CL. limit. After the end of GERDA Phase II, the flagship experiment for the search of 0νββ decay of 76 Ge will be LEGEND. LEGEND experiment is foreseen to deploy up to 1-ton of 76 Ge. After ten years of data taking, it will reach a sensitivity beyond 10 28 yr, and hence fully cover the inverted hierarchy region.

GERDA results and the future perspectives for the neutrinoless double beta decay search using 76 Ge

D'Andrea, V.;Di Marco, N.;Pandola, L.;
2018

Abstract

The GERmanium Detector Array (GERDA) is a low background experiment at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) of INFN designed to search for the rare neutrinoless double beta decay (0νββ) of 76 Ge. In the first phase (Phase I) of the experiment, high purity germanium diodes were operated in a "bare" mode and immersed in liquid argon. The overall background level of 10 -2 cts/(keV · kg · yr) was a factor of ten better than those of its predecessors. No signal was found and a lower limit was set on the half-life for the 0νββ decay of 76 Ge T 1/20ν > 2.1 × 10 25 yr (90% CL), while the corresponding median sensitivity was 2.4 × 10 25 yr (90% CL). A second phase (Phase II) started at the end of 2015 after a major upgrade. Thanks to the increased detector mass and performance of the enriched germanium diodes and due to the introduction of liquid argon instrumentation techniques, it was possible to reduce the background down to 10 -3 cts/(keV ·kg · yr). After analyzing 23.2 kg·yr of these new data no signal was seen. Combining these with the data from Phase I a stronger half-life limit of the 76 Ge 0νββ decay was obtained: T 1/20ν > 8.0 × 10 25 yr (90% CL), reaching a sensitivity of 5.8 × 10 25 yr (90% CL). Phase II will continue for the collection of an exposure of 100 kg ·yr. If no signal is found by then the GERDA sensitivity will have reached 1.4 × 10 26 yr for setting a 90% CL. limit. After the end of GERDA Phase II, the flagship experiment for the search of 0νββ decay of 76 Ge will be LEGEND. LEGEND experiment is foreseen to deploy up to 1-ton of 76 Ge. After ten years of data taking, it will reach a sensitivity beyond 10 28 yr, and hence fully cover the inverted hierarchy region.
lepton number violation
Majorana mass
Neutrinoless double beta decay
Atomic and Molecular Physics
and Optics
Nuclear and High Energy Physics
Astronomy and Astrophysics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/7720
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