The determination of the neutrino mass is still an open issue in particle physics. The calorimetric measurement of the energy released in a nuclear beta decay allows measuring the whole energy, except the fraction carried away by the neutrino: due to the energy conservation, a finite neutrino mass mν causes the energy spectrum to be truncated at Q- mν, where Q is the transition energy of the decay. The electron capture of 163Ho (Q∼ 2.5keV) is an ideal decay, due to the high fraction of events close to the endpoint (i.e., the maximum energy of the relaxation energy spectrum). In order to achieve enough statistics, a large number of detectors (∼104) are required. Superconducting microwave microresonators are detectors suitable for large-scale multiplexed frequency-domain readout, with theoretical energy and time resolution on the order of electronvolts and microseconds, respectively. Our aim is to develop arrays of microresonator detectors applicable to the calorimetric measurement of the energy spectrum of 163Ho. Currently, a study aimed at the selection of the best design and material for the detectors is in progress. In order to obtain low- Tc detectors, with Tc ranging between ∼0.5 and 2 K, different Ti/TiN (titanium nitride) multilayer films were produced. The reduced Tc was obtained by superposing thin layers of stoichiometric TiN to pure Ti layers, and the Tc was tuned by varying the ratio between the thickness of the layers. In this contribution, a comparison between the measurements (critical temperature, gap parameter, and X-ray energy spectra) made with stoichiometric and substoichiometric TiN and Ti/TiN multilayer film microresonators is presented.

Preparation of papers for special issues of IEEE development of microresonator detectors for 163Ho endpoint measurement in Milano

PUIU, PAUL ANDREI
2015

Abstract

The determination of the neutrino mass is still an open issue in particle physics. The calorimetric measurement of the energy released in a nuclear beta decay allows measuring the whole energy, except the fraction carried away by the neutrino: due to the energy conservation, a finite neutrino mass mν causes the energy spectrum to be truncated at Q- mν, where Q is the transition energy of the decay. The electron capture of 163Ho (Q∼ 2.5keV) is an ideal decay, due to the high fraction of events close to the endpoint (i.e., the maximum energy of the relaxation energy spectrum). In order to achieve enough statistics, a large number of detectors (∼104) are required. Superconducting microwave microresonators are detectors suitable for large-scale multiplexed frequency-domain readout, with theoretical energy and time resolution on the order of electronvolts and microseconds, respectively. Our aim is to develop arrays of microresonator detectors applicable to the calorimetric measurement of the energy spectrum of 163Ho. Currently, a study aimed at the selection of the best design and material for the detectors is in progress. In order to obtain low- Tc detectors, with Tc ranging between ∼0.5 and 2 K, different Ti/TiN (titanium nitride) multilayer films were produced. The reduced Tc was obtained by superposing thin layers of stoichiometric TiN to pure Ti layers, and the Tc was tuned by varying the ratio between the thickness of the layers. In this contribution, a comparison between the measurements (critical temperature, gap parameter, and X-ray energy spectra) made with stoichiometric and substoichiometric TiN and Ti/TiN multilayer film microresonators is presented.
radiation detectors
superconducting microwave devices
superconducting thin films
Tin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/7611
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