The first multi-messenger detection of a binary neutron star merger, GW170817, brought to the forefront the structured jet model as a way to explain multiwavelength observations taken more than a year after the event. Here, we show that the high-latitude emission from a structured jet can naturally produce an X-ray plateau in gamma-ray burst (GRB) light curves, independent of the radiation from an external shock. We calculate the radiation from a switched-off shell featuring an angular structure in both its relativistic bulk motion and intrinsic brightness. Our model is able to explain the shallow decay phase (plateau) often observed in GRB X-ray light curves. We discuss the possible contribution of the structured jet high-latitude emission to other distinctive features of GRB X-ray light curves, and its capability to explain the chromatic optical/X-ray light-curve properties.

Structured Jets and X-Ray Plateaus in Gamma-Ray Burst Phenomena

Oganesyan G;Branchesi M;
2020

Abstract

The first multi-messenger detection of a binary neutron star merger, GW170817, brought to the forefront the structured jet model as a way to explain multiwavelength observations taken more than a year after the event. Here, we show that the high-latitude emission from a structured jet can naturally produce an X-ray plateau in gamma-ray burst (GRB) light curves, independent of the radiation from an external shock. We calculate the radiation from a switched-off shell featuring an angular structure in both its relativistic bulk motion and intrinsic brightness. Our model is able to explain the shallow decay phase (plateau) often observed in GRB X-ray light curves. We discuss the possible contribution of the structured jet high-latitude emission to other distinctive features of GRB X-ray light curves, and its capability to explain the chromatic optical/X-ray light-curve properties.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/7415
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