We employ realistic constraints on astrophysical and instrumental selection effects to model the gamma-ray burst (GRB) redshift distribution using Swift triggered redshift samples acquired from optical afterglows and The Optically Unbiased GRB Host survey. Models for the Malmquist bias, redshift desert, and the fraction of afterglows missing because of host galaxy dust extinction are used to show how the `true' GRB redshift distribution is distorted to its presently observed biased distribution. We also investigate another selection effect arising from a correlation between Eiso and Lopt. The analysis, which accounts for the missing fraction of redshifts in the two data subsets, shows that a combination of selection effects (both instrumental and astrophysical) can describe the observed GRB redshift distribution. Furthermore, the observed distribution is compatible with a GRB rate evolution that tracks the global star formation rate, although the rate at high z cannot be constrained with confidence. Taking optical selection effects into account, it may not be necessary to invoke high-energy GRB luminosity evolution with redshift to explain the observed GRB rate at high z.

The Swift gamma-ray burst redshift distribution: selection biases and optical brightness evolution at high z?

M. Branchesi;
2013

Abstract

We employ realistic constraints on astrophysical and instrumental selection effects to model the gamma-ray burst (GRB) redshift distribution using Swift triggered redshift samples acquired from optical afterglows and The Optically Unbiased GRB Host survey. Models for the Malmquist bias, redshift desert, and the fraction of afterglows missing because of host galaxy dust extinction are used to show how the `true' GRB redshift distribution is distorted to its presently observed biased distribution. We also investigate another selection effect arising from a correlation between Eiso and Lopt. The analysis, which accounts for the missing fraction of redshifts in the two data subsets, shows that a combination of selection effects (both instrumental and astrophysical) can describe the observed GRB redshift distribution. Furthermore, the observed distribution is compatible with a GRB rate evolution that tracks the global star formation rate, although the rate at high z cannot be constrained with confidence. Taking optical selection effects into account, it may not be necessary to invoke high-energy GRB luminosity evolution with redshift to explain the observed GRB rate at high z.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/7174
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