We establish rigorously that transport is slower than diffusive for a class of disordered one-dimensional Hamiltonian chains. This is done by deriving quantitative bounds on the variance in equilibrium of the energy or particle current, as a function of time. The slow transport stems from the presence of rare insulating regions (Griffiths regions). In many-body disordered quantum chains, they correspond to regions of anomalously high disorder, where the system is in a localized phase. In contrast, we deal with quantum and classical disordered chains where the interactions, usually referred to as anharmonic couplings in classical systems, are sparse. The system hosts thus rare regions with no interactions and, since the chain is Anderson localized in the absence of interactions, the non-interacting rare regions are insulating. Part of the mathematical interest of our model is that it is one of the few non-integrable models where the diffusion constant can be rigorously proven not to be infinite.

Subdiffusion in One-Dimensional Hamiltonian Chains with Sparse Interactions

Olla S
2020

Abstract

We establish rigorously that transport is slower than diffusive for a class of disordered one-dimensional Hamiltonian chains. This is done by deriving quantitative bounds on the variance in equilibrium of the energy or particle current, as a function of time. The slow transport stems from the presence of rare insulating regions (Griffiths regions). In many-body disordered quantum chains, they correspond to regions of anomalously high disorder, where the system is in a localized phase. In contrast, we deal with quantum and classical disordered chains where the interactions, usually referred to as anharmonic couplings in classical systems, are sparse. The system hosts thus rare regions with no interactions and, since the chain is Anderson localized in the absence of interactions, the non-interacting rare regions are insulating. Part of the mathematical interest of our model is that it is one of the few non-integrable models where the diffusion constant can be rigorously proven not to be infinite.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/656
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