Recent observations of greatly amplified magnetic fields (delta B/B similar to 100) around supernova shocks are consistent with the predictions of the nonlinear theory of particle acceleration (NLT), if the field is generated upstream of the shock by cosmic-ray-induced streaming instability. The high acceleration efficiencies and large shock modifications predicted by NLT need however to be mitigated to confront observations, and this is usually assumed to be accomplished by some form of turbulent heating. We show here that magnetic fields with the strength inferred from observations have an important dynamical role on the shock, and imply a shock modification substantially reduced with respect to the naive unmagnetized case. The effect appears as soon as the pressure in the turbulent magnetic field becomes comparable with the pressure of the thermal gas. The relative importance of this unavoidable effect and of the poorly known turbulent heating is assessed. More specifically we conclude that even in the cases in which turbulent heating may be of some importance, the dynamical reaction of the field cannot be neglected, as is usually done in most current calculations.

Dynamical effects of self-generated magnetic fields in cosmic-ray-modified shocks

Blasi P;
2008

Abstract

Recent observations of greatly amplified magnetic fields (delta B/B similar to 100) around supernova shocks are consistent with the predictions of the nonlinear theory of particle acceleration (NLT), if the field is generated upstream of the shock by cosmic-ray-induced streaming instability. The high acceleration efficiencies and large shock modifications predicted by NLT need however to be mitigated to confront observations, and this is usually assumed to be accomplished by some form of turbulent heating. We show here that magnetic fields with the strength inferred from observations have an important dynamical role on the shock, and imply a shock modification substantially reduced with respect to the naive unmagnetized case. The effect appears as soon as the pressure in the turbulent magnetic field becomes comparable with the pressure of the thermal gas. The relative importance of this unavoidable effect and of the poorly known turbulent heating is assessed. More specifically we conclude that even in the cases in which turbulent heating may be of some importance, the dynamical reaction of the field cannot be neglected, as is usually done in most current calculations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/643
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