The escape of cosmic rays from the Galaxy is expected to shape their spectrum inside the Galaxy. Yet, this phenomenon is very poorly understood and, in the absence of a physical description, it is usually modeled as a free escape from a given boundary, typically located at a few kiloparsec distance from the Galactic disc. We show that the assumption of free escape leads to the conclusion that the cosmic ray current propagating in the circumgalactic medium is responsible for a nonresonant cosmic ray induced instability that in turn leads to the generation of a magnetic field of strength similar to 2 x 10(-8) G on a scale similar to 10 kpc around our Galaxy. The self-generated diffusion produces large gradients in the particle pressure that induce a displacement of the intergalactic medium with velocity similar to 10-100 km/s. Cosmic rays are then carried away by advection. If the overdensity of the intergalactic gas in a region of size similar to 10 kpc around our Galaxy is greater than or similar to 100 with respect to the cosmological baryon density Omega(b)rho(cr), then the flux of high energy neutrinos due to pion production becomes comparable with the flux of astrophysical neutrinos recently measured by IceCube.

Escape of Cosmic Rays from the Galaxy and Effects on the Circumgalactic Medium

Blasi P;
2019

Abstract

The escape of cosmic rays from the Galaxy is expected to shape their spectrum inside the Galaxy. Yet, this phenomenon is very poorly understood and, in the absence of a physical description, it is usually modeled as a free escape from a given boundary, typically located at a few kiloparsec distance from the Galactic disc. We show that the assumption of free escape leads to the conclusion that the cosmic ray current propagating in the circumgalactic medium is responsible for a nonresonant cosmic ray induced instability that in turn leads to the generation of a magnetic field of strength similar to 2 x 10(-8) G on a scale similar to 10 kpc around our Galaxy. The self-generated diffusion produces large gradients in the particle pressure that induce a displacement of the intergalactic medium with velocity similar to 10-100 km/s. Cosmic rays are then carried away by advection. If the overdensity of the intergalactic gas in a region of size similar to 10 kpc around our Galaxy is greater than or similar to 100 with respect to the cosmological baryon density Omega(b)rho(cr), then the flux of high energy neutrinos due to pion production becomes comparable with the flux of astrophysical neutrinos recently measured by IceCube.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/547
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 20
social impact