We describe a semi-analytical approach to non-linear diffusive shock acceleration in the case in which nuclei other than protons are also accelerated. The structure of the shock is determined by the complex interplay of all nuclei, and in turn this shock structure determines the spectra of all components. The magnetic field amplification upstream is described as due to streaming instability of all nuclear species. The amplified magnetic field is then taken into account for its dynamical feedback on the shock structure as well as in terms of the induced modification of the velocity of the scattering centers that enters the particle transport equation. The spectra of accelerated particles are steep enough to be compared with observed cosmic ray spectra only if the magnetic field is sufficiently amplified and the scattering centers have high speed in the frame of the background plasma. We discuss the implications of this generalized approach on the structure of the knee in the all-particle cosmic ray spectrum, which we interpret as due to an increasingly heavier chemical composition above 10(15) eV. The effects of a non trivial chemical composition at the sources on the gamma ray emission from a supernova remnant when gamma rays are of hadronic origin are also discussed. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Non-linear diffusive acceleration of heavy nuclei in supernova remnant shocks

Blasi P;
2011

Abstract

We describe a semi-analytical approach to non-linear diffusive shock acceleration in the case in which nuclei other than protons are also accelerated. The structure of the shock is determined by the complex interplay of all nuclei, and in turn this shock structure determines the spectra of all components. The magnetic field amplification upstream is described as due to streaming instability of all nuclear species. The amplified magnetic field is then taken into account for its dynamical feedback on the shock structure as well as in terms of the induced modification of the velocity of the scattering centers that enters the particle transport equation. The spectra of accelerated particles are steep enough to be compared with observed cosmic ray spectra only if the magnetic field is sufficiently amplified and the scattering centers have high speed in the frame of the background plasma. We discuss the implications of this generalized approach on the structure of the knee in the all-particle cosmic ray spectrum, which we interpret as due to an increasingly heavier chemical composition above 10(15) eV. The effects of a non trivial chemical composition at the sources on the gamma ray emission from a supernova remnant when gamma rays are of hadronic origin are also discussed. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/3123
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