We present here a semi-analytical solution of the problem of particle acceleration at non-linear shock waves with a free-escape boundary at some location upstream. This solution, besides allowing us to determine the spectrum of particles accelerated at the shock front, including the shape of the cutoff at some maximum momentum, also allows us to determine the spectrum of particles escaping the system from upstream. This latter aspect of the problem is crucial for establishing a connection between the accelerated particles in astrophysical sources, such as supernova remnants, and the cosmic rays observed at the Earth. An excellent approximate solution, which leads to a computationally fast calculation of the structure of shocks with an arbitrary level of cosmic ray modification, is also obtained. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Non-linear diffusive shock acceleration with free-escape boundary

Blasi P
2010

Abstract

We present here a semi-analytical solution of the problem of particle acceleration at non-linear shock waves with a free-escape boundary at some location upstream. This solution, besides allowing us to determine the spectrum of particles accelerated at the shock front, including the shape of the cutoff at some maximum momentum, also allows us to determine the spectrum of particles escaping the system from upstream. This latter aspect of the problem is crucial for establishing a connection between the accelerated particles in astrophysical sources, such as supernova remnants, and the cosmic rays observed at the Earth. An excellent approximate solution, which leads to a computationally fast calculation of the structure of shocks with an arbitrary level of cosmic ray modification, is also obtained. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/3122
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