In a sensor network, data might be stored in so-called storage nodes, which receive raw data from other nodes, compress them, and send them toward a sink. We consider the problem of locating $k$ storage nodes in order to minimize the energy consumed for converging the raw data to the storage nodes as well as to converge the compressed data to the sink. This is known as the minimum $k$ -storage problem . In general, the problem is $NP$ -hard. However, we are able to devise a polynomial-time algorithm that optimally solves the problem in bounded-tree width graphs. We then characterize the minimum $k$ -storage problem from the approximation viewpoint. We first prove that it is $NP$ -hard to be approximated within a factor smaller than $1+\frac{1}{e}$ . We then propose a local search algorithm that guarantees a constant approximation factor. We conducted extended experiments to show that the algorithm performs very well, exhibiting very small deviation from the optimum and computational time. It is worth to note that our problem is a generalization to the well-known metric $k$ -median problem and then the obtained results also hold for this case.

### The Minimum κ-Storage Problem: Complexity, Approximation, and Experimental Analysis

#### Abstract

In a sensor network, data might be stored in so-called storage nodes, which receive raw data from other nodes, compress them, and send them toward a sink. We consider the problem of locating $k$ storage nodes in order to minimize the energy consumed for converging the raw data to the storage nodes as well as to converge the compressed data to the sink. This is known as the minimum $k$ -storage problem . In general, the problem is $NP$ -hard. However, we are able to devise a polynomial-time algorithm that optimally solves the problem in bounded-tree width graphs. We then characterize the minimum $k$ -storage problem from the approximation viewpoint. We first prove that it is $NP$ -hard to be approximated within a factor smaller than $1+\frac{1}{e}$ . We then propose a local search algorithm that guarantees a constant approximation factor. We conducted extended experiments to show that the algorithm performs very well, exhibiting very small deviation from the optimum and computational time. It is worth to note that our problem is a generalization to the well-known metric $k$ -median problem and then the obtained results also hold for this case.
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2016
Exact and Approximation Algorithms; Experimental analysis; Wireless sensor networks
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/3046
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