We study the Hamiltonian for a system of three identical bosons in dimension three interacting via zero-range forces. In order to avoid the fall to the center phenomenon emerging in the standard Ter-Martirosyan– Skornyakov (TMS) Hamiltonian, known as Thomas effect, we develop in detail a suggestion given in a seminal paper of Minlos and Faddeev in 1962 and we construct a regularized version of the TMS Hamiltonian which is self-adjoint and bounded from below. The regularization is given by an effective three-body force, acting only at short distance, that reduces to zero the strength of the interactions when the positions of the three particles coincide. The analysis is based on the construction of a suitable quadratic form which is shown to be closed and bounded from below. Then, domain and action of the corresponding Hamiltonian are completely characterized and a regularity result for the elements of the domain is given. Furthermore, we show that the Hamiltonian is the norm resolvent limit of Hamiltonians with rescaled non-local interactions, also called separable potentials, with a suitably renormalized coupling constant.

Three-Body Hamiltonian with Regularized Zero-Range Interactions in Dimension Three

Giulia Basti;Alessandro Teta
2022

Abstract

We study the Hamiltonian for a system of three identical bosons in dimension three interacting via zero-range forces. In order to avoid the fall to the center phenomenon emerging in the standard Ter-Martirosyan– Skornyakov (TMS) Hamiltonian, known as Thomas effect, we develop in detail a suggestion given in a seminal paper of Minlos and Faddeev in 1962 and we construct a regularized version of the TMS Hamiltonian which is self-adjoint and bounded from below. The regularization is given by an effective three-body force, acting only at short distance, that reduces to zero the strength of the interactions when the positions of the three particles coincide. The analysis is based on the construction of a suitable quadratic form which is shown to be closed and bounded from below. Then, domain and action of the corresponding Hamiltonian are completely characterized and a regularity result for the elements of the domain is given. Furthermore, we show that the Hamiltonian is the norm resolvent limit of Hamiltonians with rescaled non-local interactions, also called separable potentials, with a suitably renormalized coupling constant.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/26264
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