Cosmic rays propagating in the Galaxy may excite a streaming instability when their motion is super-alfvenic, thereby producing the conditions for their own diffusion. In this paper we present the results of a self-consistent solution of the transport equation where diffusion occurs because of the self-generated turbulence together with a pre-existing turbulence injected, for instance, by supernova explosions and cascading to smaller scales. All chemicals are included in our calculations, so that we are able to show the secondary to primary ratios in addition to the spectra of the individual elements. All predictions appear to be in good agreement with observations. The fact that data are explained with no need for artificial breaks in the injection spectrum and/or in the diffusion coefficient as functions of momentum can be interpreted as a strong indication that the phenomenon proposed here is in fact being observed in Nature. We also show that there is very good agreement between the calculated proton spectrum and the cosmic ray spectrum inferred from observations of the gamma ray emission from clouds in the Gould's belt.

Propagation of galactic cosmic rays in the presence of self-generated turbulence

Aloisio R;Blasi P
2013

Abstract

Cosmic rays propagating in the Galaxy may excite a streaming instability when their motion is super-alfvenic, thereby producing the conditions for their own diffusion. In this paper we present the results of a self-consistent solution of the transport equation where diffusion occurs because of the self-generated turbulence together with a pre-existing turbulence injected, for instance, by supernova explosions and cascading to smaller scales. All chemicals are included in our calculations, so that we are able to show the secondary to primary ratios in addition to the spectra of the individual elements. All predictions appear to be in good agreement with observations. The fact that data are explained with no need for artificial breaks in the injection spectrum and/or in the diffusion coefficient as functions of momentum can be interpreted as a strong indication that the phenomenon proposed here is in fact being observed in Nature. We also show that there is very good agreement between the calculated proton spectrum and the cosmic ray spectrum inferred from observations of the gamma ray emission from clouds in the Gould's belt.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/2563
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