The supernova paradigm for the origin of galactic cosmic rays has been deeply affected by the development of the non-linear theory of particle acceleration at shock waves Here we discuss the implications of applying such theory to the calculation of the spectrum of cosmic rays at Earth as accelerated in supernova remnants and propagating in the Galaxy The spectrum is calculated taking into account the dynamical reaction of the accelerated particles on the shock, the generation of magnetic turbulence which enhances the scattering near the shock, and the dynamical reaction of the amplified field on the plasma Most important, the spectrum of cosmic rays at Earth is calculated taking into account the flux of particles escaping from upstream during the Sedov-Taylor phase and the adiabatically decompressed particles confined in the expanding shell and escaping at later times We show how the spectrum obtained in this way is well described by a power law in momentum with spectral index close to 4, despite the concave shape of the instantaneous spectra of accelerated particles On the other hand we also show how the shape of the spectrum is sensible to details of the acceleration process and environment which are and will probably remain very poorly known. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||The contribution of supernova remnants to the galactic cosmic ray spectrum|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|