The physics of energetic particle propagation in magnetized environments plays a crucial role in both the processes of acceleration and transport of cosmic rays. Recent theoretical developments in the field of cosmic ray research have been mainly in the direction of exploring non-linear aspects of the processes in which these particles are involved, namely the action of cosmic rays on the environment in which the transport and/or acceleration take place. When cosmic rays propagate outside of the acceleration region, such action is mainly in two forms: (1) they generate hydromagnetic waves, through streaming instabilities, leading to a dependence of the scattering properties of the medium on the spectrum and spatial distribution of the energetic particles, and (2) they exert a dynamical action on the plasma, which may cause the launching of cosmic ray driven Galactic winds. In this article we discuss these and other recent developments and how they compare with the bulk of new observations on the spectra of primary nuclei (mainly H and He) and secondary to primary ratios, such as the B/C ratio and the (p) over bar /p ratio, and the positrons ratio e(+)/(e(-) + e(+)). We also comment on some radically new models of the origin of CRs, in which the physical meaning of the secondary to primary ratios is not the same as in the standard model. (C) 2017 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Cosmic ray transport in the Galaxy: A review

Blasi P
2018

Abstract

The physics of energetic particle propagation in magnetized environments plays a crucial role in both the processes of acceleration and transport of cosmic rays. Recent theoretical developments in the field of cosmic ray research have been mainly in the direction of exploring non-linear aspects of the processes in which these particles are involved, namely the action of cosmic rays on the environment in which the transport and/or acceleration take place. When cosmic rays propagate outside of the acceleration region, such action is mainly in two forms: (1) they generate hydromagnetic waves, through streaming instabilities, leading to a dependence of the scattering properties of the medium on the spectrum and spatial distribution of the energetic particles, and (2) they exert a dynamical action on the plasma, which may cause the launching of cosmic ray driven Galactic winds. In this article we discuss these and other recent developments and how they compare with the bulk of new observations on the spectra of primary nuclei (mainly H and He) and secondary to primary ratios, such as the B/C ratio and the (p) over bar /p ratio, and the positrons ratio e(+)/(e(-) + e(+)). We also comment on some radically new models of the origin of CRs, in which the physical meaning of the secondary to primary ratios is not the same as in the standard model. (C) 2017 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/1935
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