We present here a unifying perspective for the lack of equipartition in nonlinear ordered systems and the low-temperature phase-space fragmentation in disordered systems. We demonstrate that they are just two manifestation of the same underlying phenomenon: ergodicity breaking. Inspired by recent experiments suggesting that lasing in optically active disordered media is related to an ergodicity-breaking transition, we studied numerically a statistical mechanics model for the nonlinearly coupled light modes in a disordered medium under external pumping. Their collective behavior appears to be akin to that displayed around the ergodicity-breaking transition in glasses, as we show measuring the glass order parameter of the replicasymmetry-breaking theory. Most remarkably, we also find that at the same critical point a breakdown of energy equipartition among light modes occurs, the typical signature of ergodicity breaking in nonlinear systems as the celebrated Fermi-Pasta-Ulam model. The crucial ingredient of our system that allows us to find equipartition breakdown together with replica symmetry breaking is that the amplitudes of light modes are locally unbounded, i.e., they are only subject to a global constraint. The physics of random lasers appears thus as a unique test-bed to develop under a unifying perspective the study of ergodicity breaking in statistical disordered systems and nonlinear ordered ones.

Glassiness and lack of equipartition in random lasers: The common roots of ergodicity breaking in disordered and nonlinear systems

Gradenigo, Giacomo
;
2020

Abstract

We present here a unifying perspective for the lack of equipartition in nonlinear ordered systems and the low-temperature phase-space fragmentation in disordered systems. We demonstrate that they are just two manifestation of the same underlying phenomenon: ergodicity breaking. Inspired by recent experiments suggesting that lasing in optically active disordered media is related to an ergodicity-breaking transition, we studied numerically a statistical mechanics model for the nonlinearly coupled light modes in a disordered medium under external pumping. Their collective behavior appears to be akin to that displayed around the ergodicity-breaking transition in glasses, as we show measuring the glass order parameter of the replicasymmetry-breaking theory. Most remarkably, we also find that at the same critical point a breakdown of energy equipartition among light modes occurs, the typical signature of ergodicity breaking in nonlinear systems as the celebrated Fermi-Pasta-Ulam model. The crucial ingredient of our system that allows us to find equipartition breakdown together with replica symmetry breaking is that the amplitudes of light modes are locally unbounded, i.e., they are only subject to a global constraint. The physics of random lasers appears thus as a unique test-bed to develop under a unifying perspective the study of ergodicity breaking in statistical disordered systems and nonlinear ordered ones.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/15324
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