The azimuthal asymmetry in the risetime of signals in Auger surface detector stations is a source ofinformation on shower development. The azimuthal asymmetry is due to a combination of the longitudinalevolution of the shower and geometrical effects related to the angles of incidence of the particles into thedetectors. The magnitude of the effect depends upon the zenith angle and state of development of theshower and thus provides a novel observable, sec(θ)max, sensitive to the mass composition of cosmic raysabove 3 × 10^18 eV. By comparing measurements with predictions from shower simulations, we find forboth of our adopted models of hadronic physics (QGSJETII-04 and EPOS-LHC) an indication that themean cosmic-ray mass increases slowly with energy, as has been inferred from other studies. However, themass estimates are dependent on the shower model and on the range of distance from the shower coreselected. Thus the method has uncovered further deficiencies in our understanding of shower modeling thatmust be resolved before the mass composition can be inferred from sec(θ)max.

Azimuthal asymmetry in the risetime of the surface detector signals of the Pierre Auger Observatory

I., De Mitri;
2016

Abstract

The azimuthal asymmetry in the risetime of signals in Auger surface detector stations is a source ofinformation on shower development. The azimuthal asymmetry is due to a combination of the longitudinalevolution of the shower and geometrical effects related to the angles of incidence of the particles into thedetectors. The magnitude of the effect depends upon the zenith angle and state of development of theshower and thus provides a novel observable, sec(θ)max, sensitive to the mass composition of cosmic raysabove 3 × 10^18 eV. By comparing measurements with predictions from shower simulations, we find forboth of our adopted models of hadronic physics (QGSJETII-04 and EPOS-LHC) an indication that themean cosmic-ray mass increases slowly with energy, as has been inferred from other studies. However, themass estimates are dependent on the shower model and on the range of distance from the shower coreselected. Thus the method has uncovered further deficiencies in our understanding of shower modeling thatmust be resolved before the mass composition can be inferred from sec(θ)max.
ultra-high energy cosmic rays; mass composition; extensive air showers
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/1522
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