This paper is devoted to the study of the existence and the time-asymptoticof multi-dimensional quantum hydrodynamic equations for the electron particle density,the current density and the electrostatic potential in spatial periodic domain. The equationsare formally analogous to classical hydrodynamics but differ in the momentumequation, which is forced by an additional nonlinear dispersion term, (due to the quantumBohm potential) and are used in the modelling of quantum effects on semiconductordevices.We prove the local-in-time existence of the solutions, in the case of the general,nonconvex pressure-density relation and large and regular initial data. Furthermore wepropose a “subsonic” type stability condition related to one of the classical hydrodynamicalequations. When this condition is satisfied, the local-in-time solutions exist globallyin-time and converge time exponentially toward the corresponding steady-state. Sincefor this problem classical methods like, for instance, the Friedrichs theory for symmetric hyperbolic systems cannot be used, we investigate via an iterative procedure an extended system, which incorporates the one under investigation as a special case. In particular the dispersive terms appear in the form of a fourth-order wave type equation.

Existence and asymptotic behavior of multi-dimensional quantum hydrodynamical model for semiconductors

PIERANGELO
2004

Abstract

This paper is devoted to the study of the existence and the time-asymptoticof multi-dimensional quantum hydrodynamic equations for the electron particle density,the current density and the electrostatic potential in spatial periodic domain. The equationsare formally analogous to classical hydrodynamics but differ in the momentumequation, which is forced by an additional nonlinear dispersion term, (due to the quantumBohm potential) and are used in the modelling of quantum effects on semiconductordevices.We prove the local-in-time existence of the solutions, in the case of the general,nonconvex pressure-density relation and large and regular initial data. Furthermore wepropose a “subsonic” type stability condition related to one of the classical hydrodynamicalequations. When this condition is satisfied, the local-in-time solutions exist globallyin-time and converge time exponentially toward the corresponding steady-state. Sincefor this problem classical methods like, for instance, the Friedrichs theory for symmetric hyperbolic systems cannot be used, we investigate via an iterative procedure an extended system, which incorporates the one under investigation as a special case. In particular the dispersive terms appear in the form of a fourth-order wave type equation.
Quantum hydrodynamics; Mathematical models for semiconductors; Hyperbolic systems
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/1361
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