In this paper we map the main economics characteristics that may impact theenvironment of the Italian coastal municipalities. The mapping aims at quantitatively characterizingthe main characteristics of the coastal municipalities from the point of view of sector specialization.More in details, in this work, first we briefly quantified settlement pressure on the Italian coasts, thenwe provide a detailed analysis of economic specializations by sectors of coastal municipalities.Finally, we develop a more specific analysis on the specialization and dependence of coastalmunicipalities. This latter study is based on the classification of two specific groups of economicsectors: i) those that depend on the sea as the primary source input (tangible and intangible) and ii)those that do not depend on the sea but that have high environmental pressures. This second set ofsectors can have adverse impacts, direct and indirect, on the marine and coastal environment - andconsequently on the ‘marine’ sectors. We then provide evidence of the relationship between sectorsdepending from the sea, i.e. ‘marine’ sectors and sectors that have a high pressure on theenvironment, i.e. ‘high pressure’ sectors in coastal municipalities. The analysis is based onmunicipal data of the Census of Industry and Services of 2011 provided by ISTAT on seven selectedItalian regions: Campania, Emilia Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Liguria, Apulia, Sardinia andVeneto. The choice fell on them because of their regional peculiarities in terms of length of coastalterritory, number of coastal municipalities and ratio between coastal areas and hinterland areas.
|Titolo:||Mapping the environmental pressure due to economic factors. The case of Italian coastal municipalities|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Contributo in volume (Capitolo o Saggio)|