In heterogeneous networks, devices can communicate by means of multiple wired or wireless interfaces. By switching among interfaces or by combining the available interfaces, each device might establish several connections. A connection is established when the devices at its endpoints share at least one active interface. Each interface is assumed to require an activation cost, and provides a communication bandwidth. In this paper, we consider two fundamental optimization problems. In the first one, we aim to activate a set of interfaces in the network G = (V, E) in order to guarantee the maximal bandwidth between two given nodes. Nodes V represent the devices, edges E represent the connections that can be established according to the availability of the interfaces in the devices. In the second problem, we look for activating the cheapest set of interfaces among a network in order to guarantee a minimum bandwidth B of communication between two specified nodes. We show that the first problem is polynomially solvable while the second one is NP-Hard. However, we experimentally analyzed an algorithm for the second problem, showing that in practical cases it guarantees a low approximation ratio which allows us to use it in real-world networks.

Maximum Flow and Minimum-Cost Flow in Multi-Interface Networks

D'Angelo Gianlorenzo;
2011

Abstract

In heterogeneous networks, devices can communicate by means of multiple wired or wireless interfaces. By switching among interfaces or by combining the available interfaces, each device might establish several connections. A connection is established when the devices at its endpoints share at least one active interface. Each interface is assumed to require an activation cost, and provides a communication bandwidth. In this paper, we consider two fundamental optimization problems. In the first one, we aim to activate a set of interfaces in the network G = (V, E) in order to guarantee the maximal bandwidth between two given nodes. Nodes V represent the devices, edges E represent the connections that can be established according to the availability of the interfaces in the devices. In the second problem, we look for activating the cheapest set of interfaces among a network in order to guarantee a minimum bandwidth B of communication between two specified nodes. We show that the first problem is polynomially solvable while the second one is NP-Hard. However, we experimentally analyzed an algorithm for the second problem, showing that in practical cases it guarantees a low approximation ratio which allows us to use it in real-world networks.
978-1-4503-0571-6
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/3283
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