This paper investigates the effect of firms’ investment in R&D on employment level and composition in UK local labour markets. We distinguish the impact of R&D across areas with different initial shares of workers in routinised occupations and industry specialisation and for different sectors, levels of education, paid employment and selfemployment, and age cohorts. Drawing on two instrumenting strategies, our results consistently suggest that R&D growth, on average, exerts no multiplier effect on local employment, but changes its composition. Results differ significantly by the initial level of routinisaton. Low routinised areas experience a relative reduction in low educated employment in non tradeable services and self-employment. In highly routinised areas, low education employment is created in no tradeable services; a significant share of this is in self-employment, concentrated in the 25-34 age cohort, whereas the 17-24 cohort is negatively affected. We qualify the effect of R&D on the nature of self-employment and find no evidence to distinguish if it is driven by R&D related opportunities or necessity.

The Effect of R&D Growth on Employment and Self-Employment in Local Labour Markets

Marzucchi A;
2018

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of firms’ investment in R&D on employment level and composition in UK local labour markets. We distinguish the impact of R&D across areas with different initial shares of workers in routinised occupations and industry specialisation and for different sectors, levels of education, paid employment and selfemployment, and age cohorts. Drawing on two instrumenting strategies, our results consistently suggest that R&D growth, on average, exerts no multiplier effect on local employment, but changes its composition. Results differ significantly by the initial level of routinisaton. Low routinised areas experience a relative reduction in low educated employment in non tradeable services and self-employment. In highly routinised areas, low education employment is created in no tradeable services; a significant share of this is in self-employment, concentrated in the 25-34 age cohort, whereas the 17-24 cohort is negatively affected. We qualify the effect of R&D on the nature of self-employment and find no evidence to distinguish if it is driven by R&D related opportunities or necessity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12571/24619
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